KA & BA __ Although it is difficult to find modern concepts which
faithfully convey the Egyptian ideal of what the Ba & Ka were, the Ba is
often described as the soul of a man, the Ka as his double.
KANDILE __ Footed bowl with perforated handles used as a lamp or possibly a
storage vessel in the Cycladic civilization of the Greeks.
KAOLIN __ A fine white clay consisting of decayed feldspar used to make
porcelain; also known as china clay.
KATUN - A Mayan word meaning 20 years. In actuality, it is 20 times 360 days.
KAYAK __ A double-pointed, decked, skin-covered canoe found among some Eskimo
groups. In some varieties, a waterproof coat covers the cockpit and fastens
tightly around the neck and wrists of the traveller, thus rendering the vehicle
and clothing contiguous and the kayak virtually unsinkable. A skilled individual
can travel in heavy water and breakers in such a craft.
KEEWATIN LANCEOLATE __ A projectile point style defined by Harp (l96l) on the
basis of his investigations along the Thelon River in the Northwest Territories.
As the name implies, these specimens are un-notched and in terms of most
particulars, including size, shape, thickness, type of flaking and presence and
extent of basal and lateral grinding, they are essentially identical to Agate
Basin points. Wright (l972) considers Keewatin Lanceolate points and the complex
within which they occur to represent an occupation by Plano peoples who were
ancestral to the authors of his Shield Archaic Tradition.
KERAMEIKOS __ Area in which potters lived in Athens. Also used as a burial
KETTLE HOLE __ A depression in the ground formed by the melting of a buried
block of ice. The debris which formerly covered the ice is thus allowed to
settle to the bottom of the kettle.
KHEPRESH __ The Egyptian blue crown was a ceremonial crown and/or war crown.
KHNUM __ Egyptian god of creation represented by a ram.
"KILLED" ARTIFACT __ An artifact which has been purposely broken so as to
release its spirit. Killed artifacts may be found as grave goods and the
implication is that this was accomplished so that the spirit of the artifacts
could accompany the spirit of the deceased to the afterlife.
KILL SITE __ An archaeological site which was used primarily for the
slaughter and (usually at least the preliminary) butchering of game. As one
would expect, the artifacts commonly found at such sites include projectile
points and large knives. Faunal remains are often extremely numerous and an
analysis of these may provide details on the method used to butcher the animals.
KILN __ A brick-lined oven used to fire ceramics.
KILT __ Short skirt worn by Egyptian men.
KIN SELECTION __ The process whereby an individual's genes are selected by
virtue of that individual's increasing the chances that his or her kin's genes
will be propagated into the next generation.
KIN TERMINOLOGY __ The terms that systematically designate distinctions
between relatives of different categories.
KINDRED __ A collection of bilateral kin.
KINGDOM __ A major division of living organisms. All organisms are placed
into one of five kingdoms: monera, Protista, Fungi, Planti, and Animalia.
KING TUTANKHAMUN __ The so-called Boy King because he became the Pharaoh of
ancient Egypt in 1336 B.C., when he was only nine years old. King Tutankhamun's
tomb was found in the Valley of the Kings in 1922 by archaeologist Howard
Carter. Inside the tomb were thousands of fantastic treasures that had been
placed there for the king's use in the afterlife, including the famous burial
mask that covered the face of the pharaoh's mummy.
KINNIKINNICK __ A smoking mixture of the North American Indians consisting of
the bark and leaves of certain plants occasionally mixed with tobacco. Some of
the plants used produced a mild narcotic effect.
KIVA __ A ceremonial room, often circular and semi-subterranean, used by
KNAPPING __ The production or shaping of stone artifacts by means of pressure
and/or percussion flaking.
KNIFE RIVER FLINT __ Brown chalcedony; a dark, brown translucent siliceous
stone found in the Knife River area of North and South Dakota and particularly
favored for its flaking properties.
KNUCKLE WALKING __ Semierect quadrupedalism, found in chimpanzees and the
gorilla, in which the upper parts of the body are supported by the knuckles
rather than the palms.
KOHL __ Eyeliner made of powdered malachite (green) or powdered galena
KORE __ A maiden. Also an alternate name for Persephone, daughter of Demeter.
KOUROS __ A statue of a nude Greek youth. A young man.
KRATER __ Bowl for mixing wine and water.
KULA RING __ A system of ceremonial, non-competitive, exchange practiced in
Melanesia to establish and reinforce alliances. Malinowski's study of this
system was influential in shaping the anthropological concept of reciprocity.
KURDISH __ Part of the Indo-European family of languages, Kurdish is the
language of the Kurds and is spoken in Turkey, Iran, Iraq, Syria, and Russia.
KURDS __ A non-Arab Middle Eastern minority population that inhabits the
region known as Kurdistan, an extensive plateau and mountain area extending
across Turkey, Iraq, Iran, Syria, and Armenia. In the late '90s, estimates
projected that the Kurds number more than 20 million. The majority of Kurds are
devout Sunni Muslims.