YUCCA __ Several plants that are members of
the lily family. The plants grow throughout the Southwest at elevations of 1500
to 6000 feet. Plants are characterized by a clump of thin, pointed leaves at the
base and a single flowering stalk. White flowers appear on the stalks each
spring. The plant is important not only for its fiber but for soap obtained from
the root and for the use of its seeds. fruits. and flowers as food.
ZIGGURAT __ A type of step-pyramid temple built by the
Sumerians 4000 years ago in southern Mesopotamia, from sun-dried mud bricks.
ZEBRA MUSSELS __ Increased activity of this organism seems to
threaten shipwrecks in the North American Great Lakes.
ZEUS __ King of the Greek gods. Called Jupiter by the Romans.
ZEUS-AMMON __ A combination of the Greek god Zeus with the Egyptian god
ZHONG (Chinese) __ Bell
ZODIAC __ The Babylonian and Greek signs of the zodiac were
introduced into Egypt in the Greco-Roman Period. They were adapted into
Egyptian imagery and used to decorate ceilings of tombs and temples, and
coffin lids. Other cultures have also divided the heavens into zodiacs
for related uses.
ZONE __ A geographic area characterized by some distinctive feature
such as the flora, fauna, climate etc. 2. a particular cultural,
geological or pedological layer or level. 3. an area on the surface of a
ceramic vessel which is modified differently (eg. punctates, rocker
stamping, painted, etc.) than the adjacent areas.
ZOOARCHAEOLOGY __ The study of faunal remains found in archaeological
sites and their cultural significance.
ZOOMORPHIC __ "animal-like". refers to art-work or decorated objects
with an animal motif or appearance.
ZOROASTRIAN __ One who accepts Zoroastrianism, a Persian religion
founded in the sixth century B.C.E. by the prophet Zoroaster. It is
characterized by the worship of a supreme god, Ahura Mazda, who requires
good deeds to help in his struggle against the evil spirit Ahriman.