Hawaii and its Indigenous People

Reviewed Resources for Students and Teachers

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The Hawaiian Islands are one of the most sought after tourist destinations in the world. One of the 50 States of the USA, it is a mix of tradition and modern living, of large beach resorts and tropical adventure. Yet, in its way, Polynesian culture still lives and is making a comeback.

Some resources listed are from commercial travel sites.  Such inclusion is because of informative content and does not constitute an endorsement of any particular travel agency.

Find more about Polynesian Indigenous People

  

Are kanaka maoli indigenous to Hawai'i? Would the status of being indigenous give them special rights? __ You will find an interesting and controversial paper. - From Kenneth R. Conklin, Ph.D. - http://www.angelfire.com/hi2/hawaiiansovereignty/indigenous.html

Aha Punana Leo __ "Aha Pūnana Leo is often said to have the most developed set of Native American language revitalization programs in the United States. Our organization assists Native Hawaiians and indigenous peoples world wide who share our quest to maintain and develop traditional languages and cultures for life today." Learn about their programs which deal not only with the Hawaiian language but other indigenous languages too. - From ahapunanaleo.org - http://www.ahapunanaleo.org/

AUMAKUA - Hawaiian protective deity __ "Eons before the missionaries introduced their concept of one God to Hawai'i in 1820, Polynesians had an intricate nature-oriented belief system. A host of deities called 'aumakua could be called upon for protection, comfort and spiritual support. The first 'aumakua were thought to be the offspring of mortals who had mated with the akua (primary gods). Among the most important of the primary gods were Ku, Kane, Lono and Kanaloa, but it was the 'aumakua that commoners could call on in an easy, less ritualistic way." Some still do. - From Coffee Times - http://www.coffeetimes.com/aumakua.htm

 

Canoes of Ancient Hawaii __ Read about classic canoes of Polynesian design. - illustrated - From aloha-hawaii.com - http://www.aloha-hawaii.com/hawaii/ancient+canoes/

Council for Native Hawaiian Advancement __ "The Council for Native Hawaiian Advancement (CNHA) is a national, member-base 501(c)(3) nonprofit organization dedicated to capacity building and providing support services to agencies and organizations focused primarily on Native communities in Hawaii and the Pacific."  Learn about the organization, goals, policies and accomplishments. - From hawaiiancouncil.org - http://www.hawaiiancouncil.org/  
 
Hawaii History __ "Hawaii's history in story and legend is ancient and proud, dating back at least a thousand years before American colonies became a nation in 1776. It is highly unlikely that the exact date when Polynesian people first set foot on these previously uninhabited islands will ever be known, nor much details about events occurring between that date and the first contact with Europeans." You can find out about it all in a series of click-to-read articles. - illustrated - From Hawaiian-roots.com - http://www.hawaiian-roots.com/hawaiihistory.htm 

Hawaii History: Pre-Contact __ This is an alternative history of Polynesian Hawaii. While I usually avoid alternative theory, this is based on differences of opinion between historians and archaeological evidence. Nothing from "far left field" just an airing of some controversy and not too controversial at that. - illustrated - From alternative-hawaii.com - http://www.alternative-hawaii.com/hacul/history.htm


 
Hawaiian - Language Directory __ "hawaiian language courses, dictionaries, resources, newspapers" - From anguage-directory.50webs.com - http://language-directory.50webs.com/languages/hawaiian.htm

Hawaiian Legends of Ghosts and Ghost-Gods __ You will find click-to-read texts of several Hawaiian tales along with an introduction and pronunciation guide. - From sacred-texts.com - http://www.sacred-texts.com/pac/hlog/index.htm 

Hawaiian Legends of Volcanoes __ You will find click-to-read texts of several Hawaiian legends along with an introduction and pronunciation guide. - From sacred-texts.com - http://www.sacred-texts.com/pac/hlov/ 

Hawaiians, Indigenous - World Directory of Minorities __ A general overview of history and culture. - From faqs.org - http://www.faqs.org/minorities/North-America/Hawaiians-Indigenous.html

The Kumulipo, A Hawaiian Creation Chant __ "THE Kalakaua text of the Hawaiian genealogical prayer chant called the "Kumulipo" covers sixty-six pages of a small pamphlet printed in Honolulu in 1889 after a manuscript copy at that time in the possession of the ruling King Kalakaua but now the property of the Bishop Museum in Honolulu, to which it passed in 1922 from the estate of Prince Kalanianaole, nephew of the former rulers." You will find an online translated text. - from sacred-texts.com - http://www.sacred-texts.com/pac/ku/ 

Legends of Maui __ Several click-to-read myths and legends. - From sacred-texts.com - http://www.sacred-texts.com/pac/maui/index.htm 

Little People of Hawaii __ "Hawaii is said to be populated by a tiny magical race of beings called the Menehunes." They are also said to be there first. - illustrated - from Lumalena Productions - http://faerymists.tripod.com/fytales/hawaii.htm

Native Hawaiians __ An encyclopedic article with links to related materials. - illustrated - From Wikipedia - http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Native_Hawaiians

The People of Hawaii - Who are the People of Hawaii? __ A general overview and many links to other resources. - From about.com - http://gohawaii.about.com/cs/culture/a/hawaiian_people.htm  

The Two Fish From Tahiti __ A Hawaiian tale with a difference, "Fish" may not be what you think it is. "...to the Hawaiians Tahiti meant any far-away or foreign land." Not recommended for the younger student as cannibalism has a strong role. - From sacred-texts.com - http://www.sacred-texts.com/pac/hloh/hloh23.htm

Who are Native Hawaiians? Mana'o Ulu Wale __ "Congress defines “Native Hawaiian” as “any individual who is a descendant of the aboriginal people who, prior to 1778, occupied and exercised sovereignty in the area that now constitutes the State of Hawai‘i.”"  An overview of Native Hawaiians and their history. - illustrated - From Mana‘o Ulu Wale - http://ainaaloha.wordpress.com/who-are-native-hawaiians/


 

 

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