Ancient Economics - Financing - Economies

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Ancient China Economy __ "For 18 of the last 20 centuries, China has had the largest economy in the world. Before that time, the economy of ancient China introduced to the world a number of economic concepts, like the use of coins and money, land distribution for non-aristocrats’, and the development of a merchant class."  A general overview of ancient Chinese economics. - From -

Ancient Civilizations : Economic Organization Index __ "Be assured, however, that the ancients did use economics, although they did not term it as such. Through our series of articles, be amazed at how financially shrewd they were,..."  A couple of click-to-read articles. - illustrated - From -

Ancient economic thought __ An encyclopedic article with links to related materials. - illustrated - From Wikipedia -

Ancient Economies __ "This page edited by a professional economist, Morris Silver, is devoted to the consideration of unsettled or disputed aspects of ancient economies, including the entire Mediterranean world." You will find information from "business agents" to lending institutions. - illustrated - From Morris Silver -

Ancient Economy and Medieval Economy - History for Kids __ "What did people buy? where did they work? what did they use for money?" You can find out the answer. - From -


Ancient Egypt: Household economics __ "A large part of ancient Egyptians were peasants, living on whatever was left of their produce after rent and taxes had been extracted. Most of the rest were workers who were paid wages which barely sufficed to keep them and their families alive."  Information about ancient Egyptian household expenses. - From -,or.r_gc.r_pw.

Ancient Egyptian Economics __ This is a student created page about ancient Egyptian economics. - From -

Ancient Egyptian economy __ "The economy of pharaonic Egypt has been called an ancient command economy, but one should always remember that such modern definitions are not as apt as one would hope for."  A general overview - illustrated - From -

Ancient Greece Economics __ This is a student created page which is about ancient Greek economics. - From -

The Ancient Maya - A Commercial Empire __ "The ancient Maya achieved compelling and impressive socio-economic complexity during pre-conquest period. "  A general overview of Maya economy. - From / David Conrad -

Ancient Roman Currency and Economy __ "This is a quick overview of the Ancient Roman Currency and Economy from the early days of the city-state in the 7-6th century BC through to the decline and fall of the western part of the Empire in the 5th century. Ie over 1000 years of Roman currency and economy."  Article with embedded links to related materials. - From -

Ancient Roman Economy __ "For all of the glory and grandeur of Ancient Rome, the Roman economy never developed into anything terribly complex compared to modern economies. ..." Learn why. - From -

Aztec Economy __ A brief overview and the background makes the text somewhat difficult to read. - illustrated - From -

Aztec Economy __ A brief overview. - From -

Ancient Mesopotamian Economy __ "Bartering was common in the absence of currencies and tangible items including animals and goods were traded. The worth was determined by the demand, available and quality of the products."  A general overview, mainly for younger students. - From -  

Classical Greek Economy - History for Kids! __ A brief overview of ancient Greek economics for kids, loaded with embedded links to related materials. - From - 

Economics in Ancient Greece __ "When we discuss the economics of the ancient world, we must be careful not to use the formal Economics which we employ in analyzing our own society, since Economics is a function of the way a society runs, not the set of rules under which a given society operates." Learn how we need to differ in out thinking when discussing ancient economic systems. - From -

Economics of the Indus Valley Civilization __ "How did this civilization make its living? Like the older civilizations proceeding Indus in Egypt and Mesopotamia, these ancient people farmed. The people of Indus prospered on the foundations of an agriculture based system of irrigation and fertility, maintained by silt-bearing floods..." An overview of this ancient Indus Valley economic system - illustrated - From -

The Economy of Ancient Greece | Economic History Services __ "The ancient Greek economy is somewhat of an enigma. Given the remoteness of ancient Greek civilization, the evidence is minimal and difficulties of interpretation abound."  A lengthy look. - From Economic History Association -

Economy - Greece vs. Rome - Ancient/Classical History __ "The economy of both Greece and Rome was based on agriculture. Greeks ideally lived on small self-sufficient wheat-producing farms, but bad agricultural practices made many households incapable of feeding themselves. Big estates took over, producing wine and olive oil, which were also the chief exports of the Romans." A brief overview and many other resources about comparing Greece and Rome - From -

Economy in ancient Pompeii __ Archaeological excavations of Pompeii help us understand the economy of the town before 79 CE. - From -


Financing Civilization __ Learn how the ancient world financed itself and how the science of "economics" came about. "We may never know when finance began, because financial contracts are as old as written language -- in fact, writing appears to have been invented for the purposes of recording financial deals. The first archaeological traces of financial activity appear in the earliest urban civilizations in the Near East. Where did the idea of borrowing and lending come from? How did the idea of interest payments evolve? Who first realized that "time is money?" The answers to at least some of these questions lie buried in ruins of Uruk, and her ancient sister-cities of Mesopotamia." - From William N. Goetzmann -

Mesopotamian Economics - Two Sumerian Economic Tablets from Umma __ "The two Sumerian economic tablets analyzed are from the
ancient Mesopotamian city of Umma (Jokha in modern Iraq) and can be dated by year, at the very end of the third millennium, (2028 BCE for M
38 and 2035 for M39) which falls during the Neo-Sumerian period."  Analysis and images.  A PDF file - illustrated - From -

Roman Economy - Prices & Cost in Ancient Rome __ Ancient wage information and prices for some Roman goods. - From - 


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